• Title: German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP-Core)
  • Authors: Jan Goebel, Markus Grabka, Stefan Liebig, Carsten Schröder, Sabine Zinn, Charlotte Bartels, Andreas Franken, Martin Gerike, Florian Griese, Christoph Halbmeier, Selin Kara, Peter Krause, Elisabeth Liebau, Jana Nebelin, Marvin Petrenz, Sarah Satilmis, Rainer Siegers, Hans Walter Steinhauer, Felix Süttmann, Knut Wenzig, Stefan Zimmermann

Publications using these data should cite the DOI (doi:10.5684/soep.core.v38.1o, or the DOI of another used edition) and include one of the following references:

Study Info

The Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) is a representative, multi-cohort survey that has been running since 1984. Every year, individuals in households throughout Germany are surveyed by our survey institute on behalf of DIW Berlin. These respondents provide information on topics such as their income, employment history, education, and health. Because the same people are surveyed every year, it is possible to track long-term psychological, economic, societal, and social developments. To keep pace with changes in society, random samples are added regularly and the survey is adapted accordingly.

A more detailled overview can be found in the SOEP Companion with the following chapters:

Current Instruments

The SOEP is presented to respondents and interviewers under the easy-to-remember name “Living in Germany”. This umbrella term covers in survey year 2019 a total of 59 field instruments, one contact protocol, and 58 questionnaires, many of them adapted for special samples and processed with PAPI as well as CAPI or CAWI.

The most current instruments for our main samples: (Links to CAPI-Versions) Field version (PAPI) Version with variable names (CAPI/CAWI)
Address/contact protocol and supporting instruments 2021
Household PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Individual PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Biography PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Catch-up Individual PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Mother and Child (Newborns) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Mother and Child (2-3-year-olds) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Mother and Child (5-6-year-olds) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Parents and Child (7-8-year-olds) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Mother and Child (9-10-year-olds) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Pre-teen (11-12-year-olds) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Early Youth (13-14-year-olds) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Youth (16-17-year-olds) PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)
Deceased Individual PDF (de/en) PDF (de/en)

In some samples adapted versions of the instruments were used: (Links to CAPI-Versions) Field version (PAPI) Version with variable names
Samples M3-M6 (“Refugee Samples”)
Household PDF PDF (de/en)
Individual, Follow-up PDF PDF (de/en)
Individual and Biography, Initial Interview PDF PDF (de/en)
Childhood, 0-10-year-olds PDF PDF (de/en)
Youth (11-17-year-olds) PDF PDF (de/en)
Samples M7-M8a (“Refugee Samples”)
Individual PDF PDF (de/en)
Biography PDF PDF (de/en)

Data access

To ensure the confidentiality of respondents’ information, the SOEP adheres to strict security standards in the provision of SOEP data. The data are reserved exclusively for research use, that is, they are provided only to the scientific community. The procedures are described here on our website.

Other material and Notes

More detailed documentation is available online.

  • Name: soep-core
  • Label: SOEP-Core
  • : 550
  • : 107203
  • : 613
  • : 27637


German Socio-economic Panel (SOEP)