SOEP-Core

Citation

  • Title: German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)
  • DOI: 10.5684/soep.v34
  • Authors: Stefan Liebig; Jan Goebel; David Richter; Carsten Schröder; Jürgen Schupp; Charlotte Bartels; Alexandra Fedorets; Andreas Franken; Marco Giesselmann; Markus Grabka; Jannes Jacobsen; Selin Kara; Peter Krause; Martin Kroh; Hannes Kröger; Maria Metzing; Jana Nebelin; Diana Schacht; Paul Schmelzer; Christian Schmitt; Daniel Schnitzlein; Rainer Siegers; Knut Wenzig; Stefan Zimmermann
  • URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5684/soep.v34

Publications using these data should cite the DOI (doi:10.5684/soep.v34) and include one of the following references:

Study Info

The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study is a wide-ranging annual representative longitudinal study of private households, located at the German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin. In 2017 more than 33,000 individuals im more than 19,000 households have been interviewed by the fieldwork organization Kantar Public. The data provide information on all household members, consisting of Germans living in the Eastern and Western German States, foreigners, and immigrants to Germany. The Panel was started in 1984. Some of the many topics include household composition, occupational biographies, employment, earnings, health and satisfaction indicators. As early as June 1990—even before the Economic, Social and Monetary Union—SOEP expanded to include the states of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), thus seizing the rare opportunity to observe the transformation of an entire society. Also immigrant samples were added in 1994/95 and 2013/2015 to account for the changes that took place in Germany society. Two samples of refugees were introduced in 2016, another one in 2017. Further new samples were added in 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2017. The survey is constantly being adapted and developed in response to current social developments. The international version contains 95% of all cases surveyed (for citation please use the corresponding DOI 10.5684/soep.v34i).

A more detailled overview can be found in the SOEP Companion with the following chapters:

Method

Data collector: Kantar Public.

Population: Persons living in private households in Germany.

Selection method: All samples of SOEP are multi-stage random samples which are regionally clustered.

Collection mode: The interview methodology of the SOEP is based on a set of pre-tested questionnaires for households and individuals. Generally an interviewer tries to obtain face-to-face interviews with all members of a given survey household aged 16 years and over. Additionally one person (head of household) is asked to answer a household related questionnaire covering information on housing, housing costs, and different sources of income. This covers also some questions on children in the household up to 16 years of age, mainly concerning their enrollment in educational institutions (kindergarten, elementary school, etc.).

An overview of the sample sizes can be found in our Comapnion: "Development of Sample Sizes".

Questionnaire

The SOEP is presented to respondents and interviewers under the easy-to-remember name “Living in Germany.” This umbrella term covers a total of 13 different field instruments, one contact protocol, and 12 questionnaires, most of them processed with PAPI as well as CAPI or CAWI. All printed questionnaires are available in quotable form as SOEP Survey Papers.

An overview about the questionnaires in SOEP is available in the SOEP Companion

The most current questionnaires (Survey year 2017) are:

Data access

To ensure the confidentiality of respondents’ information, the SOEP adheres to strict security standards in the provision of SOEP data. The data are reserved exclusively for research use, that is, they are provided only to the scientific community. All users, both within the EEA (and Switzerland) and outside these countries, are required to sign a data distribution contract. You can apply for a contract using the “Application data distribution contract” at right under Forms PDF. If you are a student (PhD, doctoral, or undergraduate), the professor advising you would have to sign this contract. If the professor advising you has already signed a data distribution contract with us, please use the attached form Addendum to an Existing Data Distribution Contract or send an email SOEPHotline (soepmail@diw.de).

After users have signed or updated their data distribution contract with DIW Berlin, they will receive the SOEP dataset by personalized encrypted download. At the SOEP Data Research Center, users can also access small-scale regional data that can be linked to the SOEP data.

Topics

A relatively stable set of core questions asked every year covering the main areas of interest of the SOEP:

  • population and demographics
  • education, training, and qualifications
  • labor market and occupational dynamics
  • earnings, income, and social security
  • housing
  • health
  • household production
  • preferences and values
  • satisfaction with life in general and with certain aspects of life.

Additionally, each year, topical modules provide more in-depth information on (at least) one of these areas by asking detailed questions. Most of these modules appear in the individual questionnaires and only a few are additions to the household questionnaire. Since the year 2001, the data have been enriched further through the addition of health measure well-known psychological constructs, as well as age- specific questionnaires.

In our SOEP Companion you will find also an introduction to the different topics covered by the SOEP survey.

Data Structure

SOEP-Core contains a multitude of different datasets (there were over 450 different files in the 2018 data distribution, v34). The following simplified categorization gives a general picture of the data: there are datafiles that describe the development of the sample such that the user knows which person or household was part of the interviewed sample in any given year (PATH files). Then there is on big file, including all data from the wave-specific original data files, that contain the data from each year’s questionnaires without any changes except for very basic consistency checks (PL file). To help the user with the data, there are also additional generated data. These contain consistently coded variables at the household level (HGEN) and at the individual level (PGEN). The SOEP also provides various data on the respondent’s background, refeered to as biographical data (BIO files). These can be separated conceptually into unchanging biographical data (such as information on parental education or data from the mother-child questionnaires) and regularly updated data when changes take place in a respondent’s life (birth, children recorded in the respondent`s birh biography, job changes recorded in the job history). Finally, there are some files that cannot be easily categorized: some are datasets collected only once, some provide information about the interviewers, some about respondents outside of Germany.

For a more detailed view on the different datasets and in which directory you will find which dataset, please have a look in the section about the data distribution file in our SOEP companion.

Because of the overall data structure with data on different observational levels, analysis requires data to be combined using matching or merging procedures. These merging procedures need identifiers to allow datasets to be conbinated. The central individual identifier across time is PID, which is fixed over time (and of course over datasets). Since a person might move to a different household at any point in time, yearly household identifiers called HID are necessary. The differentiate individuals or households over time you need in addition the variable identifying the survey year (variable SYEAR). Finally, each individual (respondent or child) can be traced back to a member or a split-off from an original SOEP household in the SAMPLE SPECIFIC first wave. This household’s ID, which is fixed no matter how often a person changes household in the course of time, is called CID. All these identifiers are included in the aforementioned master file PPATHL including the wave specific identifier for the households, HID.

A comprehensive description of the data structure and examples how to work with SOEP data are available in the SOEP companion.

Missing conventions

Survey variables might be missing, that is, lacking a valid code or value for different reasons. In the SOEP, negative values are not valid for any variable, but are used instead to code different reasons for missing information. There are two distinctions for missing values: they may originate in the respondent’s answer or in the survey design. The respondent may refuse or not know an answer or she may report invalid values on the one hand, and the interview design may exclude respondents with certain characteristics from some questions on the other (e.g., men will never be asked if they are pregnant). The following codes apply:

Code Meaning
-1 no answer /don`t know
-2 does not apply
-3 implausible value
-4 inadmissible multiple response
-5 not included in this version of the questionnaire
-6 version of questionnaire with modified filtering
-8 question not part of the survey programm this year*

*Only applicable for datasets in long format.

Other material and Notes

More detailed documentation is available online.

Study info

Name: soep-core

Label: SOEP-Core

Datasets: 473

Variables: 90403

Instruments: 46

Questions: 6185

Attachments:

Datasets

Name Label Conceptual Period Analysis unit
abroad Questionnaire for people moved abroad Original (top level folder) unspecified individual
ah Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1984 household
ahbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1984 household
ahgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1984 household
akind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1984 individual
ap Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1984 individual
apausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1984 individual
apbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1984 individual
apequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1984 individual
apgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1984 individual
apkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1984 individual
artkalen Spell data from the activity calendar Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
bah Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2010 household
bahbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2010 household
bahgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2010 household
bajugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2010 individual
bakind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2010 individual
bap Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2010 individual
bapbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2010 individual
bapequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2010 individual
bapgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2010 individual
bapkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2010 individual
bapluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2010 individual
bavp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2010 individual
bbh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2011 household
bbhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2011 household
bbhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2011 household
bbjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2011 individual
bbvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2011 individual
bch Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2012 household
bchbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2012 household
bchgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2012 household
bcjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2012 individual
bckind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2012 individual
bcp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2012 individual
bcpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2012 individual
bcpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2012 individual
bcpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2012 individual
bcpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2012 individual
bcpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2012 individual
bcvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2012 individual
bdh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 household
bdhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2013 household
bdhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2013 household
bdjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdp_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 individual
bdvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2013 individual
beh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 household
behbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2014 household
behgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2014 household
bejugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2014 individual
bekind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2014 individual
bep Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 individual
bepbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2014 individual
bepequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2014 individual
bepgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2014 individual
bepkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2014 individual
bepluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 individual
bep_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 individual
beschool Questionnaire: Pre-teen, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2014 individual
bevp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2014 individual
bfh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 household
bfhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2015 household
bfhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2015 household
bfjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfp_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfschool Questionnaire: Early Youth, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2015 individual
bfvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2015 individual
bgh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 household
bghbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2016 household
bghgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2016 household
bgh_refugees Household questionnaire Refugee Sample Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgp_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgp_refugees Personal questionnaire Refugee Sample, incl. biography Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgschool Questionnaire: Early Youth, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgschool2 Questionnaire: Early Youth, 14-15 years old Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bgvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2016 individual
bh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 household
bhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1985 household
bhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1985 household
bhh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2017 household
bhhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2017 household
bhhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2017 household
bhjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhp Individual questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhschool Questionnaire: Early Youth, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhschool2 Questionnaire: Early Youth, 14-15 years old Original (raw folder) 2017 individual
bhvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2017 individual
bioage17 Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
bioagel Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biobirth Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biocouplm Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
biocouply Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
bioedu Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
bioimmig Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biojob Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biol Biographical Data Original (raw folder) unspecified individual
biomarsm Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
biomarsy Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
bioparen Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biopupil Generated biographical information Gen. Biographical (top level folder) unspecified individual
bioresid Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biosib Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biosoc Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
biotwin Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
bkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1985 individual
bp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 individual
bpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 individual
bpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1985 individual
bpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1985 individual
bpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1985 individual
bpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1985 individual
bpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 individual
camces Highest Educational Qualification, Migrants Sample M1 and M2 Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
ch Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 household
chbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1986 household
chgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1986 household
cirdef Random groups Survey (raw folder) unspecified household
ckind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1986 individual
cogdj Data on cognitive tests (Youth) Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
cognit Data on cognitive potential Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
cog_refu Data on cognitive tests (Refugees) Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
cp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 individual
cpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 individual
cpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1986 individual
cpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1986 individual
cpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1986 individual
cpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1986 individual
cpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 individual
design Survey design Survey (top level folder) unspecified household
dh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 household
dhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1987 household
dhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1987 household
dkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1987 individual
dp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 individual
dpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 individual
dpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1987 individual
dpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1987 individual
dpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1987 individual
dpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1987 individual
dpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 individual
eh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 household
ehbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1988 household
ehgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1988 household
einkalen [deprecated] Spell data on income Spell (raw folder) unspecified individual
ekind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1988 individual
ep Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 individual
epausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 individual
epbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1988 individual
epequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1988 individual
epgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1988 individual
epkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1988 individual
epluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 individual
ev First wealth module Original (raw folder) 1988 individual
exit Cumulative drop-outs Survey (raw folder) unspecified individual
fh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 household
fhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1989 household
fhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1989 household
fkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1989 individual
fp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 individual
fpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 individual
fpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1989 individual
fpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1989 individual
fpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1989 individual
fpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1989 individual
fpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 individual
gh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 household
ghbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1990 household
ghgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1990 household
ghost East specific questions from the Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 household
gkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1990 individual
gp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpkalost Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 individual
gpost East specific questions from the Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 individual
gripstr Measured grip strength (left and right hand) Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
hbrutt Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (top level folder) unspecified household
hbrutt00 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2000 household
hbrutt02 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2002 household
hbrutt06 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2006 household
hbrutt09 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2009 household
hbrutt10 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2010 household
hbrutt11 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2011 household
hbrutt12 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2012 household
hbrutt13 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2013 household
hbrutt15 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2015 household
hbrutt16 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2016 household
hbrutt17 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2017 household
hbrutt84 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 1984 household
hbrutt98 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 1998 household
hbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (top level folder) unspecified household
hconsum HH consume module Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
health Data on health indicators Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
hgen Generated Household Data Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
hh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 household
hhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1991 household
hhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1991 household
hhrf Weighting and staying probabilities Survey (raw folder) unspecified household
hkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1991 individual
hl Original Household Data Original (top level folder) unspecified household
hp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpath Household Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified household
hpathl Household Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified household
hpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpfad Household Tracking File Tracking (raw folder) unspecified household
hpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpkalost Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 individual
hpost East specific questions from the Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 individual
hwealth Wealth module Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
ih Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 household
ihbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1992 household
ihgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1992 household
ikind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1992 individual
interviewer Data about the SOEP Interviewer Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
ip Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 individual
ipausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 individual
ipbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1992 individual
ipequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1992 individual
ipgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1992 individual
ipkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1992 individual
ipluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 individual
jh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 household
jhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1993 household
jhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1993 household
jkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1993 individual
jp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 individual
jpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 individual
jpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1993 individual
jpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1993 individual
jpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1993 individual
jpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1993 individual
jpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 individual
jugendl Youth questionnaire Original (top level folder) unspecified individual
kh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 household
khbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1994 household
khgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1994 household
kidlong Data on children Original (top level folder) unspecified individual
kkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1994 individual
kp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 individual
kpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 individual
kpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1994 individual
kpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1994 individual
kpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1994 individual
kpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1994 individual
kpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 individual
lh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 household
lhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1995 household
lhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1995 household
lifespell Spell Information on the Pre- and Post-Survey History of SOEP-Respondents Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
lkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1995 individual
lp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 individual
lpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 individual
lpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1995 individual
lpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1995 individual
lpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1995 individual
lpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1995 individual
lpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 individual
mh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1996 household
mhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1996 household
mhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1996 household
migspell Migration history Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
mihinc Multiple imputed data on monthly household income Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
mkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1996 individual
mp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1996 individual
mpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1996 individual
mpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1996 individual
mpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1996 individual
mpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1996 individual
mpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1996 individual
nh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1997 household
nhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1997 household
nhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1997 household
nkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1997 individual
np Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1997 individual
npbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1997 individual
npequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1997 individual
npgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1997 individual
npkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1997 individual
npluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1997 individual
oh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1998 household
ohbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1998 household
ohgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1998 household
okind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1998 individual
op Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1998 individual
opbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1998 individual
opequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1998 individual
opgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1998 individual
opkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1998 individual
opluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1998 individual
pbiospe Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
pbr_exit Cumulated Exit Tracking (top level folder) unspecified individual
pbr_hhch PBR_HHCH Survey (top level folder) unspecified individual
pbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (top level folder) unspecified individual
pequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
pflege Persons needing care within the household Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
pgen Generated Individual Data Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
ph Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1999 household
phbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1999 household
phgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1999 household
phrf Weighting and staying probabilities Survey (raw folder) unspecified individual
pkal Individual Calendar Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
pkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1999 individual
pl Original Individual Data Original (top level folder) unspecified individual
plueckel Catch-up questionnaire Original (top level folder) unspecified individual
pp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1999 individual
ppath Individual Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified individual
ppathl Individual Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified individual
ppbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1999 individual
ppequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1999 individual
ppfad Individual Tracking File Tracking (raw folder) unspecified individual
ppgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1999 individual
ppkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1999 individual
ppluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1999 individual
pwealth Wealth module Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
qh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2000 household
qhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2000 household
qhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2000 household
qjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2000 individual
qkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2000 individual
qp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2000 individual
qpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2000 individual
qpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2000 individual
qpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2000 individual
qpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2000 individual
qpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2000 individual
refugspell Migration history Spell (top level folder) unspecified individual
rh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2001 household
rhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2001 household
rhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2001 household
rjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2001 individual
rkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2001 individual
rp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2001 individual
rpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2001 individual
rpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2001 individual
rpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2001 individual
rpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2001 individual
rpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2001 individual
sh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2002 household
shbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2002 household
shgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2002 household
sjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2002 individual
skind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2002 individual
sozkalen [deprecated] Spell data on social benefits Spell (raw folder) unspecified individual
sp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2002 individual
spbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2002 individual
spequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2002 individual
spgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2002 individual
spkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2002 individual
spluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2002 individual
th Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2003 household
thbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2003 household
thgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2003 household
timepref Experiment on time preferences Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
tjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2003 individual
tkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2003 individual
tp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2003 individual
tpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2003 individual
tpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2003 individual
tpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2003 individual
tpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2003 individual
tpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2003 individual
trust Experiment on trust Generated (top level folder) unspecified individual
uh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2004 household
uhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2004 household
uhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2004 household
ujugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2004 individual
ukind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2004 individual
up Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2004 individual
upbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2004 individual
upequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2004 individual
upgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2004 individual
upkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2004 individual
upluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2004 individual
vh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2005 household
vhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2005 household
vhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2005 household
vjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2005 individual
vkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2005 individual
vp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2005 individual
vpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2005 individual
vpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2005 individual
vpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2005 individual
vpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2005 individual
vpl Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (top level folder) unspecified individual
vpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2005 individual
wh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2006 household
whbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2006 household
whgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2006 household
wjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2006 individual
wkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2006 individual
wp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2006 individual
wpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2006 individual
wpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2006 individual
wpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2006 individual
wpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2006 individual
wpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2006 individual
xh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2007 household
xhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2007 household
xhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2007 household
xjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2007 individual
xkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2007 individual
xp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2007 individual
xpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2007 individual
xpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2007 individual
xpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2007 individual
xpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2007 individual
xpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2007 individual
yh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2008 household
yhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2008 household
yhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2008 household
yjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2008 individual
ykind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2008 individual
yp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2008 individual
ypbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2008 individual
ypequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2008 individual
ypgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2008 individual
ypkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2008 individual
ypluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2008 individual
zh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2009 household
zhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2009 household
zhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2009 household
zjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2009 individual
zkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2009 individual
zp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2009 individual
zpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2009 individual
zpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2009 individual
zpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2009 individual
zpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2009 individual
zpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2009 individual
zvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2009 individual

Instruments

Name Label Period Analysis Unit
soep-core-1984-pe Individual 1984 1984 none
soep-core-2015-hh Household 2015 2015 none
soep-core-2015-ll Biography 2015 2015 none
soep-core-2016-e1 Mother and Child (Newborns) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-e2 Mother and Child (2-3-year-olds) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-e3 Mother and Child (5-6-year-olds) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-e4 Parents and Child (7-8-year-olds) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-e5 Mother and Child (9-10-year-olds) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-gk Grip Strength 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-hh Household (PAPI) 2016 2016 household
soep-core-2016-hh-m12 Household (M1/M2) 2016 2016 household
soep-core-2016-hh-m34 Household (M3/M4) 2016 2016 household
soep-core-2016-ju Youth (16-17-year-olds, A-L1) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-ju-m12 Youth (16-17-year-olds, M1/M2) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-l Catch-up Individual 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-ll Biography 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-p-m12 Individual (M1/M2, Follow-up) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-pb-m12-erst Individual and Biography (M1/M2, Initial Interview) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-pb-m34 Individual and Biography (M3/M4) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-pe Individual 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-s Pre-teen (11-12-year-olds) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-s2 Early Youth (13-14-year-olds) 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2016-vp Deceased Individual 2016 2016 individual
soep-core-2017-e1 Mother and Child (Newborns) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-e2 Mother and Child (2-3-year-olds) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-e3 Mother and Child (5-6-year-olds) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-e4 Parents and Child (7-8-year-olds) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-e5 Mother and Child (9-10-year-olds) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-hh Household (PAPI) 2017 2017 household
soep-core-2017-hh-m12 Household (M1/M2) 2017 2017 household
soep-core-2017-hh-m34 Household (M3/M4) 2017 2017 household
soep-core-2017-hh-m5 Household (M5) 2017 2017 household
soep-core-2017-ju Youth (16-17-year-olds, PAPI) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-ju-m12 Youth (16-17-year-olds, M1/M2) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-ju-m34 Youth (16-17-year-olds, M3/M4) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-ki-m34 Childhood (0-10-year-olds) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-l Catch-up Individual 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-ll Biography 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-p-m12 Individual (M1/M2, Follow-up) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-pb-m12-erst Individual and Biography (M1/M2, Initial Interview) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-pb-m34-wieder Individual and Biography (M3/M4, Follow-up) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-pb-m345-erst Individual and Biography (M3-M5, Initial Interview) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-pe Individual (PAPI) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-s Pre-teen (11-12-year-olds) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-s2 Early Youth (13-14-year-olds) 2017 2017 individual
soep-core-2017-vp Deceased Individual 2017 2017 individual

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