pgen/pgbilzeit: Amount Of Education Or Training In Years

No output variables
Value Labels
en de
7 7 7
8 8 8
9 9 9
10 10 10
11 11 11
12 12 12
13 13 13
14 14 14
15 15 15
16 16 16
17 17 17
18 18 18
-1 [-1] No answer [-1] keine Angabe
-2 [-2] Does not apply [-2] trifft nicht zu
-7 [-7] Only available in less restricted edition [-7] Nur in weniger eingeschränkter Edition verfügbar
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The following statements describe the standard computation for schooling. The school years and the additional vocational training are added together.

As can be seen, the assignment table are not very differentiated. For example, special schools for health care professions and other kinds of specialized schools are all included in the “technical school” label. However, in Germany, this assignment is the most commonly used one when earnings functions based on human capital theory are estimated.

schooling years
no degree 7
lower school degree 9
intermediary school 10
degree for a professional college 12
high school degree 13
other 10
additional occupational training (includes universities) years
apprenticeship 1.5
technical schools (incl. health) 2
civil servants apprenticeship 1.5
higher technical college 3
university degree 5


amount of education or training in years

English label: Amount Of Education Or Training In Years

German label: Dauer der Ausbildung, in Jahren

pgen – Generated Individual Data

Analysis Unit: individual

Dataset Type: Generated (top level folder)

Period: unspecified

Study: SOEP-Core

Measure Value
valid 681739
invalid 37869

Codes of related variables with the same concept

This table provides you with an overview of label definitions across related variables to identify changes over time in longitudinal variables. The first number indicates the value code, the second number (in brackets) represents the frequency in the data. Please note that labels are simplified and values with frequency = 0 are hidden.

Variable pgbilzeit abilzeit bbilzeit cbilzeit dbilzeit ebilzeit fbilzeit gbilzeit hbilzeit ibilzeit jbilzeit kbilzeit lbilzeit mbilzeit nbilzeit obilzeit pbilzeit qbilzeit rbilzeit sbilzeit tbilzeit ubilzeit vbilzeit wbilzeit xbilzeit ybilzeit zbilzeit babilzeit bbbilzeit bcbilzeit bdbilzeit bebilzeit bfbilzeit bgbilzeit bhbilzeit bjbilzeit
Dataset pgen apgen bpgen cpgen dpgen epgen fpgen gpgen hpgen ipgen jpgen kpgen lpgen mpgen npgen opgen ppgen qpgen rpgen spgen tpgen upgen vpgen wpgen xpgen ypgen zpgen bapgen bbpgen bcpgen bdpgen bepgen bfpgen bgpgen bhpgen bjpgen
7 (23110)
no answer -1 (13264)
does not apply -2 (24605)
only available in less restricted edition -7 (0)